Thoth has played an outstanding role in many of the Egyptian myths. Illustrating his role as arbitrator, he had overseen the three historic battles between good and evil. All three battles are basically the same and belong to different periods.
The first battle took place between Ra and Apep, the second between Heru-Bekhutet and Set, and the third between Horus, the son of Osiris, and Set. In each instance, the former god represented order while the latter expressed chaos. If one god was thoughtfully injured, Thoth would heal them to prevent either from overtaking the other.
Thoth was also prominent in the Osiris myth, being of great aid to Isis. After Isis gathered together the pieces of Osiris’ dismembered body, he gave her the words to resurrect him so she could be impregnated and bring forth Horus. When Horus was slain, Thoth gave the formulae to resurrect him as well.
Similar to God speaking the words to create the heavens and Earth in Judeo-Christian mythology, Thoth, being the god who always speaks the words that fulfil the wishes of Ra, spoke the words that created the heavens and Earth in Egyptian mythology.
This mythology also credits him with the creation of the 365-day calendar. Originally, according to the myth, the year was only 360 days long and Nut was sterile during these days, unable to bear children.
Thoth gambled with Khonsu, the moon, for 1/72nd of its light (360/72 = 5), or 5 days, and won. During these 5 days, Nut gave birth to Kheru-ur (Horus the Elder, Face of Heaven), Osiris, Set, Isis, and Nephthys.
In the Ogdoad cosmogony, Thoth gave birth to Ra, Atum, Nefertum, and Khepri by laying an egg while in the form of an ibis, or later as a goose laying a golden egg.
Thoth’s roles in Egyptian mythology were many. He served as a mediating power, especially between good and evil, making sure neither had a decisive victory over the other.
The ancient Egyptians regarded Thoth as One, self-begotten, and self-produced. He was the master of both physical and moral (ie. Divine) law, making proper use of Ma’at. He is credited with making the calculations for the establishment of the heavens, stars, Earth, and everything in them. Compare this to how his feminine counterpart, Ma’at was the force that maintained the Universe.
He is said to direct the motions of the heavenly bodies. Without his words, the Egyptians believed, the gods would not exist. His power was almost unlimited in the Underworld and rivaled that of Ra and Osiris.
The Egyptians credited him as the author of all works of science, religion, philosophy, and magic. The Greeks further declared him the inventor of astronomy, astrology, the science of numbers, mathematics, geometry, land surveying, medicine, botany, theology, civilized government, the alphabet, reading, writing, and oratory. They further claimed he was the true author of every work of every branch of knowledge, human and divine.
Egyptologists disagree on Thoth’s nature depending upon their view of the Egyptian pantheon. Most Egyptologists today side with Sir Flinders Petrie that Egyptian religion was strictly polytheistic, in which Thoth would be a separate god.
Genealogy of Thoth is as follows ie Mythology says about Thoth and his Geneology is as follows
1- Atam also called as Ra or Rae, 2-Shew and Thefnet- Children of Atham, 3-Noot-Goddess of Skt, 4-Gebin- God of Earth, 5-Osiris, 6-Isis, 7-Seth, 8- Neftis
Note- 5 to 8 Children of Noot and Gebin- Twins, Osiris wedded Isis and Set wedded Neftis
9-Horus- He is the Son of Osiris and Isis. He is the Person in Hevan as the Relative of Righteousness Persons and Advocate
10-Annubis-He is the son of Seth and Neftis. He is supposed to be talked with Heart of Dead Persons and he evaluates the Heart of. Dead Person by Weighing it
11- Thoth-He is the Clerk and Accountant in Heaven
12-Math- She is the Wife of Thoth. Her Wings used is Balance in Weighing Machine to find out Truth
13-Ammat- The Devil eating the Flesh of Persons, who r telling Lies
Egypt kings married their sisters because to keep their tribe without manipulation and to restrict other tribe blood, in Geneology
For Egypt Kings, there is a Book that describes all details of Dead Person. They consider the Heart is the Organ that keeps all knowledge of Human Life. This Heart is taken by Wolf Headed Annubis God. He asks the Heart about the Sins in the past. Heart tells all the facts Then Annubis put this Heart in a Balance to Weight in which Wings is used. ie Thoth Wings. This is done by under the Leadership of Thoth. Wife. of Thoth is Called Math. She is supposed that she always tells Truth. The wings of Math is considered as Scale for finding Truth